Rocky Mountain National Park Elk: Where and How to See these Magnificent Creatures

Bull elk in Rocky Mountain National Park

Visitors throng to see the majestic elk that make the Rocky Mountain National Park their home. With 600-800 elk in RMNP, we’ve rarely had a day in the park where we haven’t encountered elk. Although I do have to share that sometimes we found them in unexpected places. The most important tip is to keep an eye out! But there are definitely places where elk are more likely to be found. We’ll share some of the tips and tricks for finding Rocky Mountain National Park Elk in this article.

Best Places to See Elk in Rocky Mountain National Park

Elk can be found in low-level meadows, usually in open fields near tree lines. On the East Side, you can find often find them in Moraine Park, Horseshoe Park and Upper Beaver Meadows. On the West Side, the Kawuneeche Valley is usually filled with elk.

We’ve observed large herds of elk along Trail Ridge Road in this valley, grazing close enough to the road that you can get some amazing photographs. There’s also a small herd of elk that made the town of Estes Park their home. Here you can find them on the golf course or even walking the streets.

Elk Cow and Calf at Glass Lake Rocky Mountain National Park
Elk Cow and Calf at Glass Lake on Trail to Sky Pond (photo by Ladona Stork)

During the summer many elk move to higher elevations so watch for them as you drive along Trail Ridge Road. Although they can be found near the road, we usually see them in meadows in the distance so bring along a pair of binoculars. Also, don’t be surprised if you find elk feeding along hiking trails, especially less-trafficked summer trails. We encountered this mama and her calf while hiking to Sky Pond.

Seeing Elk Calves in Rocky Mountain National Park

New babies are born in June, but their mama’s keep them hidden in the tall grass for a few weeks so it’s usually July before you see many young elk. The youngsters will generally be with a herd of other mothers and babies, often moving to higher meadows for fresh alpine grass.

Wondering what else is going on in the fall? Here’s 7 Reasons to Visit Rocky Mountain National Park in the Fall.

Where Can You See Bull Elk?

Seeing a mature bull elk in Rocky Mountain National Park is quite the experience. They are 700-pound massive creatures with antlers that can span up to 50 inches. Observing them in their natural habitat is something to remember for a lifetime.

However, senior bull elk are elusive and more difficult to find during the spring and summer months, because they are out in remote meadows or high alpine slopes. They tend to be more cautious than the cows, feeding at night in areas humans are unlikely to visit. You might hear them bugle back and forth with each other at this time of year.

You will likely see younger bulls in bachelor groups during the summer in the same meadows you find cows and calves. And very young bulls will often stay with their mother’s herd for a couple of years.

If your goal is to see one of the giant mature bull elk then come during the rut, which is the breeding season. Rut in Rocky Mountain National Park is primarily during October. During the rut, the dominant bulls gather their cows into “harems” to protect them from the attention of competing bulls.

Because their testosterone is so high and they have one thing on their mind, they are not as cautious as they are the rest of the year and are more likely to be seen in open spaces tending to “their” cows. Fall is also a popular time to enjoy Rocky Mountain National Park fall colors so it’s a great time to visit the park.

The Best time of Day to See Rocky Mountain National Park Elk

Elk are primarily nocturnal animals so the best time to see elk is in the early morning or early evenings when they are most likely to come out into the meadows to graze. We’ve had the most success an hour or so before sunset as the dew starts to settle in the meadows.

That doesn’t mean you can’t see elk during the day. It’s not unusual to discover small groups of elk roaming around the park. If you see cars pulled over to the side of the road it is often because elk are nearby so grab your camera. This is when I get the best “butt shots” of Rocky Mountain Elk because they are on the move and I tend to catch them moving away! Yes, a family joke that I am slow on the draw with the camera! So learn from my mistake and always be ready for that perfect shot!

Elk feeding in Rocky MOuntain National Park
Elk Feeding mid day in RMNP July 2020. (photo by Ladona Stork)

Fun Facts About Rocky Mountain National Park Elk

Why do Elk Bugle?

The bugle of the elk in Rocky Mountain National Park can be heard best in the fall during mating season. But the elk bugle is more complex than just a mating call. Elk Bugle for a variety of reasons. During the summer months, elk use their bugle to locate each other.

It’s not uncommon to hear male-to-male or male-to-female calls. This is a completely different sound than you hear in the fall when the males call to gather their females into their “harems”. And the most intriguing and loud bugle is the call between 2 males when defending or challenging a territory during mating.

Cows will also bugle, although their calls are not as famous as the deep sounds of the male during the rut. They bugle when in heat, make similar noises when giving birth and a lead cow will bugle to move the herd. Keep in mind that it is illegal to “call” an elk in the park, you need to allow them to follow nature.

How About Those Huge Elk Antlers

Like all members of the deer family, male elk grow a new set of antlers every year. The antlers start growing in the spring and reach full size by fall. The primary purpose of the antlers is related to mating. The size and health indicate to the females that the bull elk is a worthy mate, which helps attract her to his harem.

They are also used by males to spar over mating rights. It’s fairly common to catch a sparring match while observing elk in Rocky Mountain National Park during the rut if you patiently observe a herd.  Shed Elk Antlers

According to the Fish and Wildlife Service, elk antlers can grow up to an inch a day and weigh over 40 pounds. Elk shed their antlers every winter. Note it is illegal to gather antlers in the park. A wide variety of small creatures gnaw on the sheds to get the nutrients stored in the bone. So if you find a pair of elk antlers, leave them lay where you found them to support the ecosystem.

What do Elk Eat in Rocky Mountain National Park?

Elk are herbivorous animals that spend most of their time grazing on plants grasses and flowering plants. That’s why you will find them in marshy meadows where grasses and wildflowers are plentiful. Or they climb to higher elevations as the summer gets warmer and dryer at low levels to find the cooler alpine ecosystem with vegetation they love so much.

Elk near Trail Ridge Rd in Kawuneeche Valley just before sunset. (photo by Brad Stork)

Winter months can be more challenging for elk since food becomes harder to find under snow cover. Elk will eat twigs, branches and tree bark when they can’t get to the grasses. They love to munch on the aspen that we also love for their amazing Rocky Mountain National Park fall colors.

That’s why you will see some areas of trees surrounded by tall fences in RMNP. These are areas of aspen and willow that need a chance to recover from elk overeating. The fences will be removed when the forested area is healthy again.

How Fast Do Elk Move?

Elk use their speed to evade predators, with the ability to run around 20-25 mph and have short bursts of 40-45mph. However you will notice that most of the time they just meander as they graze.

History of Elk in Rocky Mountain National Park

Once plentiful, by the end of the 19th century elk were almost non-existent in the park due to overhunting. In the early 1900s elk were moved from Yellowstone NP to Rocky Mountain National Park to repopulate the area.

Grizzly bear and wolf, both natural predators of the elk were reduced in the population at the same time. The result is the park currently maintains 600-800 elk in the park.

As you know the park is not a zoo, so there are no fences. Much of Rocky Mountain National Park is surrounded by National Forest so today’s elk herds cross those invisible lines regularly. And elk love sweet juicy grass and flowers so they often live in towns where they can find the treats they love in people’s yards and gardens.

Where Else Can Elk be Found in the United States?

You might be surprised to learn that there are wild elk populations in more states than not. 31 states have natural herds of elk with Colorado being the most populous. If you draw a line down the Rocky Mountain Range, most elk are found in the range and west of those mountains.

In the Eastern United States, the only significant population is around the Great Smoky Mountain National Park.

Tips for Viewing Elk Safely in Rocky Mountain National Park

Keep your distance

Remember the goal here is to observe elk in their natural habitat doing their natural thing. When people get too close, animals change their behavior. Don’t be “that guy”! Stay at least 25 yards from elk. That’s about the length of 2 semi-trucks nose to nose.

While the guideline is to stay at least 25 yards from elk, there are times you need to stay even further away. The most important rule is to be aware of how the elk are reacting to your presence. Bulls will express anxiety by pawing the ground, putting back their ears, or pointing their antlers at you. It’s obvious they are not happy you are in their space.

Cows generally will lay back their ears and stare at you when they feel uncomfortable by your presence. If she is all alone, she might be calving or have her calf nearby. Give the mama her space!

If an elk appears distressed when you are observing move away. Reports of elk attacking someone are rare and are usually one of those stories where you have to ask yourself how someone could be so stupid to do that… like stand next to a rutting bull for a selfie.

Keeping your distance is primarily to protect the way of life for the elk. To allow them to live their life naturally so we can enjoy watching and photographing them in nature.

Hold your child’s hand. A child running into a herd to pet a baby elk might sound like a cute photo but is a disaster waiting to happen. Know that mama elk will do whatever it takes to protect her calf, wouldn’t you? So hold your child’s hand so they aren’t tempted to “play” with the elk.

Create a Non-Threatening Space for Wildlife Viewing

Elk will stay around longer if they feel safe. To help them ignore that you are watching them you can do a couple more things:

  • Shut off your car engine and turn off your lights. Keep as quiet as possible, using soft voices to talk to each other. If you get out of your car, close the doors softly.
  • Move pets away from elk. The scent of a dog alone will cause an elk to move away ruining the viewing experience for everyone. And nothing good will come of dog and elk encounter.
  • Use binoculars and telephoto lenses to get a real close look. You should stay on the roadside and not enter the field to avoid disturbing their feeding.

Finding Other Wildlife in Rocky Mountain National Park

Bear, Big Horn Sheep, Coyotes, Mountain Lions and Moose are often spotted in the park. These animals a little more elusive. Your best bet is to always be aware of your surroundings and one might just wander by. You can learn more in our guides:

Don’t miss out on the opportunity to watch these amazing creatures. We hope this post has helped you learn more about how elk live in Rocky Mountain National Park and where to find them. Although fall is the perfect time for elk viewing, you will see them almost any time of year with a little patience. Good luck on getting the perfect elk photo!

Where to find Elk in Rocky Mountain National Park.

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